Review of labour migration management, policies and legal framework in Cambodia
The review of labour migration management, policies and legal framework in Cambodia is an attempt to understand the underlying factors inhibited the promotion of orderly labour migration flow from Cambodia to Thailand. The study points to the weaknesses in the institution entrusted to manage labour migration, the legal framework governed the migration process, the labour migration policy, and the bilateral cooperation between the labour sending and the receiving countries. These are the main factors contributing to the growing irregular cross-border labour migration. The long porous border and the cultural affinity between people of the two neighboring countries make it even difficult for the States to have absolute control over the movement of national persons. The study offers solutions for better management of labour migration. These are the formulation of clear migration policy and legal framework, streamlining the migration administration, creation of specialized organization, reduction cost of migration, raising awareness on legal channel for migration, improvement in inter-ministerial coordination, and negotiation with labour receiving country to establish standard employment contract and to protect the rights of migrant workers.