This website "Cambodian Law" is a small contribution of the access to laws and regulations of Cambodia and hope it can help interested people getting more understanding of the existing laws and regulations, including policy and strategy of the government of Cambodia. most of the information is refer to the link of other website. I would like to sincerely thank for all valuable website where i linked to for allow me to do so for Cambodian people and other interested people.
Sunday, April 18, 2010
during this few years, a number of initiative to publish on time and full content of law and regulation has been introduced but there is no single database on law and regulation of Cambodia has been hosting.
in my blog there are more than 100 laws and regulations of Cambodia that i has compiled and upload in my blog. some file is from other website source of Cambodia. i would like to thanks all other source that hosted some law and regulation.
the way i do for my blog is trying to compile all existing law and regulation from other website and source in a single database and some other laws that are not in the website source, i uploaded them.
i do believe that my blog is still missing many things and need more idea and construction initiative for better disseminating law and regulation of Cambodia. so far i just take some free time at night to update my blog, especially, Cambodia law.
all comments and suggestions are very much welcomed.
Sunday, April 11, 2010
It is a good chance for us to have a beautiful time and happiness together with family and friends. I of course think that to get a good time together is some time difficult since we are all busy with many thing around us for getting some thing for our life and our family. Most of people around us is so busy to find money and fit family. Some time we don't have time to enjoy what we get from our efforts. the most important thing most people tries their best to get money for their life and there is no time to relax.
some scholar they said that most illness is come from the stress and concerned problem in the daily life. As the world is developed more and more then human being is challenged more and more as well. They try very hard to deal with many problem in the daily life to fight against those challenges in order to have a good life or superb life. However they don''t think the effect of the working hard without taking relax. Some time we don't know what is life? what is the purpose of life? it is only to get a lot of money with beautiful house, luxury car or titling as excellency?
For me happiness life is very difficult to define and we need to consider to many aspects in the society whether we should only live in normal people or challenged people. Actually according to my understanding, actually there are three main kinds of human being which are:
- Normal human being who want to have a normal life and don't challenge against any thing. they just try to live in peace and happiness with a minimum living life
- more than normal but not so challenged people. some time they want to be the best some time they relax and some time they don't care.
- most challenged people where they want to be the best and try their best to deal and get some thing in their life. they don't care they just want to challenge and get the best in the society.
- live one day for one day. don't think to the past or future and try to deal only the day that it is.
- if there is stress or problem comes, please do (1) to think that what is the biggest effect of the problem? (2) then try to accept it. it is not the end of the world; and (3) try to write down what are the solution that you should deal with then try to deal with the problems according to your choice
- remember that stress can destroy our life
Actually the delegation has been visited many place of the Korean government institutions, including the Korean civil society organizations. The government institution where the delegation has been visited are Korean national human rights commission, anti-corruption and civil rights commission, Seoul's audit ombudsman, and ministry of public administration and security. The study tour provided a lot of lesson learned which are:
- Most of the similar government institutions has been integrated together from 3 or 4 institutions into one institution in order to reduce the expense of the government
- They has used high tech in improving the public services delivery with faster and easier to access by internet
- the coordination between each government institutions is good and effective
- the information of each government institution is well prepared in both Korean and English
- each government officer has a specialized skill in their working field
- all institution focuses very much on the well and closed public services delivery to the citizens
- effective mechanism to combat against corruption from the local to national level (Seoul's Audit Ombudsman and Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission…)
- strong civil society organization to watch and monitor the performance of the government
The Legal and Judicial Reform Strategy is a priority reform program of the fourth mandate of the government. The reform strategy was adopted by the Council of Ministers in 2003 and the development of its action plan took around two years to finalize by the Council of Ministers with full participation from all stakeholders in government agencies, DPs (DPs) and civil society organizations.Presently many of the 97 priority actions in the reform strategy have been actively supported and implemented by DPs and government implementing agencies. However, there is no single, clear information or report on activities supported by the DPs in the legal and judicial reform sector. As a result some support from DPs could be duplicated.
Therefore it is important to grasp the whole picture of who is doing what in this sector to avoid overlapping, to see the gap between the plan and implementation, and to maximize the resources and inputs from DPs. To achieve this CLJR and all members of the TWG-LJR decided to summarize the activities/projects taking place and to collate them in a DP activity report for the sector. The report will provide a single point of information for all stakeholders, in particular DPs, to map out their activities and plan for implementation of the sector reform program.
The report focuses upon only the activities of the DPs supporting the legal and judicial reform sector and does not cover related sector funding information.
Sixteen half hour meetings and interviews were organized with DPs, being AusAID, DANIDA, USAID, EWMI, GTZ ARDP, GTZ PWR, GTZ LMAP, World Bank, CCJAPIII, EU/EC, ILO, France Cooperation, UNICEF, JICA, Labor Arbitration Foundation, and ILO – component indigenous people promotion. Furthermore the report has been reviewed and commented upon by the Project Management Unit of the Council for Legal and Judicial Reform. To validate the report information, the first draft of the report was presented in the meeting of Technical Working Group for Legal and Judicial Reform (TWG-LJR) on the 20thof February 2009 for reviewing and receiving comments and feedback for the final report (see annex 2 on the presentation slide of the first report). Furthermore, the draft of report was sent to all 20 DPs for final review and comments.
The report focuses upon the information of the projects/programs that DPs (DPs) have supported and implemented in 2008 within the framework of the legal and judicial reform program.
The report will then divide into four main chapters. Firstly, the current progress of DPs activities and other implementing agencies activities in the legal and judicial reform strategy. Secondly, brief information of the structure of coordination mechanism for implementation. Thirdly, the report will examine the gap between planned and actual progress. Lastly, there is a summary and recommendations.
- The assessment of the DP activities supporting legal and judicial reform is incomplete since the report focused only on the activities of the DPs in the LJR sector. The report should identify more information on the funding of the DPs in the reform. The implications on government implementing agencies from activity implementation and completion should also be assessed in order to ensure the successful implementation of the reform.
- DPs played a very important role in supporting and implementing 70 LJR priority actions from the 97 priority actions in the PAILJRS.
- 12 priority actions have been implemented by RGC agencies without any DP support
- Twenty DPs actively contributed to the legal and judicial sector reform. Six of these (USAID - 20 activities, JICA - 19 activities, France and Ausaid - 18 activities, GTZ - 15 activities, and DANIDA - 14 activities [see table 1 and annex 3 and 4]) are key DPs who have supported many activities in the legal and judicial sector. The DPs have provided both technical and financial support to the legal and judicial reform program.
- 202 activities have been supported by 20 DPs in the legal and judicial sector reform
- Strategic Objective 1 has received much support from DPs with 70 activities supported by 18 DPs
- Fifteen priority actions are yet to be implemented
- There are nineteen implemented projects/programs which require further review
- Sixty-three implementing projects/programs need further support
- Most of the project/programs implemented in the legal and judicial sector are unaligned with the Plan of Action for Implementing Legal and Judicial Reform Strategy adopted by the Council of Ministers in 2005. Most activities have been implemented according to separate institutional frameworks. Recently the number of aligned projects has increased.
- Many key DPs, for example, JICA, USAID, AusAID through CCJAPIII, DANIDA, and UNDP have started to align their programs with the PAILJRS of the government.
- More than 300 million US dollars has been provided to support the sector reform
- Effective coordination and cooperation
- Capable human resources
- Concrete Project/Program TORs
- Systematic review and evaluation
- Alignment of the program with government reform program
- Effective monitoring and reporting
- An effective mechanism should be systematically used and strengthened in order to enhance the coordination and facilitation of the implementation of the legal and judicial sector reform. The TWG-LJR, which has the General Secretariat of the Council for Legal and Judicial Reform as a secretariat, is a good place for both government and DPs to build their relationship in order to assist the legal and judicial reform process. The sub-group mechanism of the TWG-LJR allows for concerns on specific issues to be raised for discussion and clarification and this needs to be utilized.
- The culture of information sharing be promoted and mechanisms strengthened in order to improve the facilitation and coordination of the implementation of the legal and judicial reform sector. This should include strengthening the capacity of RGC agencies to monitor and report on activities and policy implementation.
- Increased human resource capacity development for government officers to increase RGC ownership of reform activities. Human resource deficiency is a key challenge of the reform program. Both government and DPs should work together to develop more capable human resources. DPs need to play a constructive role in addressing this problem rather than only criticizing the government for its human resource capacity constraints.
- Program alignment with government legal and judicial reform program should be more increased and strengthened. This will avoid duplication of activities in the reform as well as ensure that activities are directly supporting the policy of the government. This alignment is something both government and DPs agreed upon in the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action.
- The Council for the Legal and Judicial Reform should consider the systematic review, monitoring and evaluation of the PAILJRto ensure the process of implementation of the reform is contributing to attaining the common goal of establishing a stable and credible legal and judicial sector. This will also identify incidents of conflict, full implementation failure or blockages in the reform, from both RGC and DPs, so they may be dealt with to ensure mutual accountability for past actions so that lessons for the future may be learnt.
- Short, Measurable, Accuracy, Realistic, and Timetable (SMART)principle for developing the priority actions of the legal and judicial reform should be applied in order to make all action plans clearer in scope and to ensure clear indicators are developed so that implementing agencies and DPs can better manage for results. The systematic implementation of the IMS of the legal and judicial reform program should be undertaken and active cooperation from sector implementing agencies should be improved. A systematic assessment of DP support, including funding, in the Legal and Judicial Reform should be conducted.
- More support from DPs which aligns with the government reform program (PAILJRS) is needed to achieve the common goal of the Legal and Judicial Reform
Full Report is her!
- Agriculture Policy (Eng.)
- Policy and Strategies on Information and Communication Technology in Education in Cambodia (Eng.)
- National Population Policy (Eng.)
- Development Strategies: Cambodia
- Public Financial management Reform Program
- Manual on Financial Management of Cambodia (KH & Eng)
- Manual on Procurement of Cambodia (volume I)
- Manual on Procurement of Cambodia (volume II)
- Manual of Procurement of Cambodia (volume III)
- Handbook on Financial Management Activities
- Manual on Standard Operating Procedures
- Rectangular Strategy (Eng.)
- Democracy in Cambodia - 2003: A Survey of Cambodian Electorate
- Cambodian Corruption Assessment
- Cambodia Human Rights and Rule of Law Evaluation
- good governance in Cambodia
- Summary of Cambodia governance assessment
- governance reform progressing: Cambodia
- Cambodia: Road to E-Governance
- Participatory Governance in Cambodia
- Voter Registration 2003
- National Program for Sub-National Democratic Development in English
- National Program for Sub-National Democratic Development in Khmer
- Commune Council and civil society: Promotion Decentralization through partnership
- Democracy Initiative through sustainable community discussion
- Community Mobilizing committee Toolkit Khmer
- 2009 Audit of commune/Sangkat fund implementation
- Poverty and selection CMDGs map and chart
- Study on district roles in Decentralization and deconcentration
- Study on social economic evaluation of commune road project
- survey on provincial situation report of Ratanakiri and Mundulkiri
- situation analysis 2: Human Resource development system for civil servant of local administration in ministry of interior
- 2008 situation analysis of provincial/municipality and district/Khan administration in Cambodia
- follow up survey of baseline socio-economic benefit study
- 2008 study on commune/sangkat budget execution
- study on accountability working group
- study on commune/sangkat fund irrigation project impact
- 2006 feasibility study on small scale irrigation project
- independent study on donor support to decentralization and deconcentration
- a literature study
- study on commune boundary conflict resolution
- study on knowledge attitude, practices and benefit of good governance
- study on existing taxation and options for commune/sangkat
- study on commune council and civil society
- study on indigenous upland minority screening
- study on rural area transport
- District and provincial data book
- Local Government, civil society and local accountability - How do citizen perceive and interact with the commune council?
- Accountability and Neo-patrimonialization in Cambodia - a critical literature review
- Accountability and Neo-Patrimonialism in Cambodia - A Critical Literature Review (March 2007) (PDF)